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Trauma Surgeon Flees Chaos Of Haiti: Needed Protection Of Jamaican Soldiers With M-16s To Escape Alive

Dean Lorich, MD

Dean Lorich, MD

I received this letter from a medical colleague today. It was written by Dr. Dean Lorich, Associate Director of the Orthopedic Trauma Service at NYC’s Hospital for Special Surgery. I hope to interview him for Better Health soon. Stay tuned for the audiocast…

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I believe we went in with a reasonably comprehensive service we wanted to provide acute trauma care in an orthopedic disaster.  Our plan was to be at a hospital where we could utilize our abilities as trauma surgeons treat the acute injuries involved in an orthopaedic disaster.  We expected many amputations however came with a philosophy that would reasonably start limb salvage in what we thought was a salvageable limb.

David Helfet put a team together which included:

2 orthopaedic trauma surgeons

3 orthopaedic trauma fellows

2 highly skilled anesthiologists

1 general surgery trauma surgeon

2 synthes reps who were also scrub techs

1 trauma nurse practioner to do triage

2 OR nurses

Our equipment including a huge amount of anesthetic medications and equipment, ability to construct 150 ex fix both small and large, OR equipment including scalpels etc, OR soft goods, splint material, OR prep material.

We also had a plan of physician and equipment replacemnt that was dynamic where w/i 24hrs we could bring in what was necessary on the Synthes private jet.

We thought the plan was a good one.

We were incredibly naïve.

Disaster management on the ground was nonexistent.  The difficulties in getting in despite the intelligence we had from people on the ground and david helfet’s high political connections with Partner’s in Health as well as the Clintons only portended the difficulties we would have once we arrived.

We started out friday morning, got a slot to get in friday that was eventually cancelled when we were on the runway to be rescheduled the next day.  We diverted to the DR and planned on arriving in POP saturday.

Once on the ground the hospital we had intelligence that was up and running with 2 OR’s General Hospital was included severely in the earthquake and not capable of running functioning OR’s as there was no running water and only a limited electrical supply on generator.

We quickly took our second option

Community Hospital of Haiti.  We found approx 750 pt in the hospital upon our initial eval, the hospital had running water, electricity and 2 functional OR’s

Our naivette did not expect that the 2 anesth machines would not work, there would be 1 cautery for the hospital, autoclave that fit instruments the size of a cigar box, no sterile saline, no functioning fluoro and no local staff only a ragtag group of voluntary health providers who like us had made it there on there own.

To summarize we had no clue the medical infrastructure of the country was so poor.

As we got up and running in the OR and organized the patients for surgery we communicated our new needs back to Synthes and more supplies were loaded for a second trip – these included battery operated pulse lavage, a huge supply of saline, soft goods in the OR.  This plane landed as planned sunday pm, equipment was loaded on a truck and subsequent hijacked between the airport and the hospital.

At the hospital we had zero security despite promises form NYPD and NYFD to provide that to us.

Our philosophy was to work like this was a marathon run the OR’s around the clock with the idea that we would have a defined extraction time of 11pm tues.  The plane that extracted us would come in with a new medical staff compliment to replace us. Equipment included urgent things to maximize issues that were nonexistent in the hospital that would enable us to provide better and more efficient care:

2 portable anesth machines

2electrocautery

2 portable monitors for the pacu

2autoclaves

Replacement exfix

Things that didn’t arive with the previous flight

That planes slot was cancelled by the military at 6am tues.

We also previously had seen daylight in the remaining patients monday night haviving completed approx 100 surgeries.  However on tues morning we found a huge # of new patients.  The hospital was forced to undergo lockdown closing its gates to the outside and outside crowd becoming angry.

We also noted tues morning that many of the patients we were operating on were becoming septic.

We finished operating at noon tues, the last surgery our group assisting an obstetrician on a caesarian and resuscitating a baby that was not breathing.

We decided as a group the situation for us at the hospital was untenable supplies were running out, team was exhausted, safety a huge concern, and no extraction plan with resupply.  We decided to make our way to airport thru the help of a hospital benefactor.  Jamaican soldiers with M-16 were necessary to escort us out with our luggage as the crowd outside saw us abandoning the hospital.

We made it to airport on back of a pickup truck, got onto the tarmac, hailed a commercial plane that carried cargo to montreal and had private jet pick us up there.

The issues we were unprepared for and witnessed were

1.  The amount of human devastation

2.  The complete lack of a medical infrastructure in the country

3.  The lack of support of the haitian medical community

4.  The complete lack of any organization on the ground.  Noone was in charge, we had the first functional up and running hospital in the P OP area yet noone and I me NOONE came to the hospital to assess what we were doing, what we were capable of doing and what we would need, to be more efficient.  The fact that the military could not or would not protect the resupply equipment on sunday or let the tues flight come in says it all.

5.  Lack of any security at all at the hospital

I would take away that disasters like this need organization on a much higher level than we had with the clear involvement and approval of the military from the beginning.

Currently there is no one obviously running the show and care is in chaotic at best.  MD’s are coming in country with no plan of what the are going to do.  Surgeons that expect to just show up and operate are delusional as to what there role would be as without a complement of support staff and supplies they would be of limited or no value.

I hope this helps.  We all felt as though we abandoned these patients and that country and feel terrible.  Our role now being back in NY is to expose the inadequacies of the system to the media in the hopes of effecting a change in this system immediatly.  We feel that the only way to really help now is an urgent programtic change and organization in the support of the medical staff on the ground and what is critically needed to expeditiosly bring in.

Cherrios on the tarmac are not getting it done on these patients which clearly would be savable if good care could urgently be provided.

Please share this email with everyone and anyone you find might help.

Good luck

Dean


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2 Responses to “Trauma Surgeon Flees Chaos Of Haiti: Needed Protection Of Jamaican Soldiers With M-16s To Escape Alive”

  1. I too was in Haiti, from Jan 17-22, working at the King’s Hospital. As a family physician I labored treating, splinting, cleaning and repairing wounds, preparing patients for surgery, delivering an infant,and caring for other medical and emotional needs. Having been on many medical trips to the third world, my reaction is “what do we American doctors expect?” The third world does not have properly equipped and supplied OR’s. They are trained and practice with the best they can afford. Their health care challenges are often unimaginable. They are forced to improvise.

    The earthquake left an already terrible situation impossible. I imagine that never in history, even in war, have there been so many major injuries in one place at one time (not to mention the trauma of death). The needs were and are huge.

    Don’t expect that situations such as this will be met with immediate organization. Go planning on being flexible, try to carrying all necessary basics with you, and do you best to help who you can.

    The Haitians are also doing the best they can but have just literally lost everything. Let’s keep giving them all the medical, monitary, logistic, and spritual support we can.

  2. Disaster Practitioner says:

    This letter is an embarrassment.

    “At the hospital we had zero security despite promises form NYPD and NYFD to provide that to us.” Because NYPD and FDNY have jursidiction in Haiti? This is one of the most ridiculous assumptions I have ever heard.

    Even if the NYPD had promised a complete SWAT team, to have believed that this was even remotely possible is astounding. Assuming that they did make promises to Dr. Lorich, the fact that he and his team believed that they would receive this assistance is beyond naive.

    Obviously, they had a terrible experience, but any one with significant experience in disaster relief could have predicted this would happen.

    They seem to be under the impression that upon their arrival, someone should have arrived to help them: someone should have come to support their work.

    It’s as ridiculous as having a paramedic show up on scene and call 911. Lorich and his team arrived within days of the earthquake, and expected a greeting committee? Did they expect a fully functional system to be up and running within days?

    Or was it that the “high political connections” were supposed to guarantee this group something other than chaos?

    Now, they are back in NYC working to expose “the system.” Whose system? The UNs? The WHOs? The Haitian Government? Who exactly is to blame for their terrifying experience?

    I work for a small NGO- within 4 days we had teams on the ground, with our own security, with all the supplies we needed, and we were able to work extremely effectively. The “lack of coordination” that Lorich’s team was surprised by was something we took as a given in our planning.

    Expecting that a perfectly coordinated response is possible within 1 week in Haiti is a ridiculous, dangerous assumption.

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