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Hands-Only CPR: No More Mouth-To-Mouth

Man collapsedBy Barbara Ficarra, RN, BSN, MPA

You witness an adult collapse to the ground. What do you do? Would you just stand by and watch? Would you call 911?  Would you initiate CPR?

Research reveals that bystanders have been reluctant to perform CPR on a person who drops to the ground because they’re hesitant about putting their mouth on a stranger’s mouth.

Good news…mouth-to-mouth isn’t required

Even without CPR training you can save the life an adult whose heart stops.  You only need to push hard and fast on the victim’s chest.

It’s called “Hands-Only CPR” for the layperson

Push hard and fast in the middle of the victim’s chest, with minimal interruptions.

This recommendation is based on evaluation of recent scientific studies and consensus of the American Heart Association Emergency Cardiovascular Care (ECC) Committee.

The American Heart Association encourages everyone, trained or not, to act immediately in such an emergency.

Health Professionals

As health professionals, we’re trained in CPR and performing CPR is something we don’t even think about.  We respond automatically if a patient’s coding in the hospital or if we encounter someone who suddenly collapses on the street or is unconscious.  Our training is extensive.

For the layperson

For the layperson that has no training, it can be scary to think that all of a sudden you witness someone dropping to the floor and you’re going to be pushing down hard and fast on their chest.

But think about this

By acting quickly and initiating Hands-Only CPR, the victim who lies motionless,  could be someone’s dad, mother, grandpa, grandma, brother, uncle, son, sister, aunt, daughter; someone who has a family to get back to.  You can help literally save this person’s life.

While it might be frightening, you can be in charge and initiate Hands-Only CPR right away.  This person will have a greater chance of surviving because you started CPR before the professionals arrived.

Here are my tips to help you get started, and to help relieve any uncertainty you may have.

Now you’re ready.  If you witness an adult collapse, act fast, here’s what you need to do:

Hands-Only CPR


  • Call 911—tell someone or call yourself
  • Get directly over the victim
  • Put the heel of one hand in the center of the chest, then put your other hand on top of the first
  • Push hard and fast in the center of the chest until help arrives
  • Push at a rate of 100 beats per minute

Side note

The American Heart Association DOES NOT recommend Hands-Only CPR for:

  • All infants (up to age 1)
  • Children (up to age 8 )
  • Adult victims who are found already unconscious and not breathing normally
  • Any victims of drowning, drug overdose or collapse due to breathing problems.

Conventional CPR is used.

Bottom Line

Step out of your comfort zone.  Learn about Hands-Only CPR.  It’s easy to do and you can literally save someone’s life.  You’ll be the one in charge before professional help arrives.

So remember, call 911 or instruct someone else to call, and push hard and fast in the center of the victim’s chest.

Your Turn

We’d love to hear from you.  Have you ever given CPR to someone who collapsed?  What was your experience like?

Image: iStock Photo

*This blog post was originally published at Health in 30*

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One Response to “Hands-Only CPR: No More Mouth-To-Mouth”

  1. Great blog post for those who are not health professions and would most likely “freeze” in that situation.

    It would be interesting to know the statistics behind what percentage of non trained individuals who would act quickly and use the “hands only CPR”.

    Nikolaos I. Kakavoulis MD
    Founding Team at HealthLeap

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